Indian Folk Music – Arts & Culture Notes

Indian Folk music has great enrichment due to India’s vast cultural diversity. It has many forms in different state like Bauls, Bhangra and Dandiya etc.

Here we collected some important and famous folk music forms from all over India.

Bhangra & Giddha – Punjab

Bhangra is a popular folk music form consisting famous dance style. It is performed by male artists.

The female dance form of Bhangra is known as Giddha.

Bauls – West Bengal

The Bauls of Bengal is not only a folk music form but also a community, came in existence in 18th – 20th centuries. It is performed using some musical instruments like Khamak, Ektara etc. Bauls is influenced by Hindu tantric sect.

Main Contributor – Yotin Das, Sanatan Das Thakur Baul etc.

Dandiya – Gujarat

Dandiya is world famous dance + music form originated from Gujarat. It is performed during the festival of Navaratri. In Dandiya male and female dancers perform dance with two sticks holding in hands in two circles.
It has another form in different places of India like Danglila from Rajasthan and Raslila from North India.

Read Also: Indian Classical Dance – Arts & Culture Notes

Pandvani – Chhattisgarh

Pandvani based on Hindu epic Mahabharata, popular in Chhattisgarh (India). Tijan Bai is a famous personality of Pandvani folk music form, got Padma Shri and Padma Bhusan award for her contribution.

Vanavan – Jammu & Kashmir

Vanavan belongs to Kashmir, specially performed on marriage ceremony.

Panihari – Rajasthan

A famous folk music form belongs to Rajasthan.

Read Also: UNESCO ICH List of India – IAS Notes

Lavani – Maharashtra

Lavani is a popular folk music form of Maharashtra. It is a combination of traditional music and dance, performed on the Dholki (drum – musical instrument).

Powada or Powara – Maharashtra

Powada is a folk music form of Maharashtra belongs to the stories of Chatrapati Shivaji.

Khongchendzonga – Manipur

Khongchendzonga is a popular folk music form of Manipur, based on the war of Khongchendzonga between British army and Manipur force in 1891.

Some Other Important Folk Music Form

Bhagavati – Maharashtra
Mand – Madhya Pradesh
Sohar – Bihar
Tikir – Assam
Ovi – Maharashtra and Goa
Hereileu – Nagaland
Heliamleu – Nagaland


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