PCS Mains Syllabus History – UP PCS Mains Exam
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PCS Mains Syllabus History : PAPER – I
SECTION – A
- Sources and approaches to study of early Indian History.
- Early pastoral and agricultural communities. The archaeological evidence.
- The Indus Civilization: its origins, nature and decline.
- Patterns of settlement, economy, social organization and religion in India (c. 2000 to 500 B.C.): archaeological perspectives.
- Evolutions of North Indian society and culture: evidence of Vedic Texts (Samhitas of Sutras).
- Teachings of Mahavira And Buddha. Contemporary Society. Early phase of state formation and urbanization.
- Rise of Magadha: the Mauryan Empire. Ashoka’s inscriptions; his dharma. Nature of the Mauryan State.
- Post-Mauryan period in Northern and Peninsular India: Political and Adminsrative History. Social, Economy, Culture and religion. Tamilaham and its Society: and Sangam Texts.
- India changes in the Gupta and post- Gupta period (to c. 750): political history of northern and peninsular India; Samanta System and changes in political structure; economy; Social Structure; culture; religion.
- Themes in early Indian cultural history; languages and texts; major stages in the evolution of art and architecture; major philosophical thinkers and schools; ideas in science and mathmatics.
- India, 750-1200 : Polity Society and economy, Major dynasties and political Structures In North India. Agrarian structures “Indian Feudalism”. Rise of Rajputs. The Imperial Cholas and their contemporaries inPeninsular India. Village communites in the South. Conditions for women. Commerce mercantile groups and guilds; town. Problem of coinage. Arabs conquest of Sind; the Ghanavide Empire.
- India, 750-1200; Culture, Literature, Kalhana, historian. Styles of temple architecture; sculpture. Religious thought and institution Sankaracharya’s vedanta. Ramanuja. Growth of Bhakti, Islam and its arrival in India. Sufism. Indian. Science, Alberuni and his study of Indian science and civilization.
- The 13th century: The Ghorian invasions. Factors behind Gorian success. Economic, Social and cultural consequences, Foundation of the Suitanate. The “slave” Dyansty, lltutmish: Balban. “The Khaliji Revolution” Early Sultanate architecture.
- The 14th century : Alauddin Khaliji’s conquests, agrarian and economic measures. Muhammad Tuglaq’s major “project”s Flruz Tughluq’s concessions and public works. Decline of the Sultanate. Foregin Contacts: Ibn Battuta.
- Economy society and culture and the 13th and 14th Centuries. Cast and slavery under Sultanate. Technological Changes. Sultanate architecture. Persion literature. Amir Khushrau, Historiography, ziya Barani. evolution of composite culture. Sufism in North India. Lingayats. Bhakti Schools in the south.
- The 15th and early 16th Century (Political History). Rise of Provincial Dynasties : Bengal, Kashmir (Zainul Abedin), Gujarat, Malwa, Bahmanids. The Vijayanagra Empire. Lodis. Mughal Empire, First Phase: Babur, Humayan. The sure Empire: Sher Shah’s administration. The Protuguese colonial enterprise.
- The 15th and early 16th Century (society, economy and culture). Regional cultures and liteatures. Provincial architectural styles. Society, Culture, Literature and the arts in Vijayanagra Empire. Monotheistic movements: Kabir and Guru Nanak Bhakti Movements: Chaitanya, Sufism in its Pantheistic phase.
- Akbar : His conquests and consolidation of empire. Establishment of Jagir and Mansab systems. His Rajput Policy. Evolution of religious and social outlook. Theory of Suth-i-kul and religious policy.Abdul Fazl, thinker and historian. Court patronage of art and thchnology.
- Mughal empire in the 17th Century. Manjor policies (administrative and religious) of Jahangir, Shajahan and Aurangzeb. The Empire and the Zamindars. Nature of the Mughal state. Late 17 th Century crisis: Revolts. The Ahon kingdom, Shivaji and the early maratha Kingdom.
- Economy and Society, 16th and 17 th Centuries. Population. Agricultural and craft production. Towns, commerce with Europe through Dutch, English and French companies-a “trade revolution”. Indian mercantile classes. Banking, insurance and credit systems. Conditions of peasants, Famines. Condition of Women.
- Culture during Mughal Empire. Persian literature (including historical works). Hindi and religious literatures. Mughal architecture. Mughal painting. Provincial schools of architecture and painting. Classical music. Science and technology Sawai Jai Sing, astronomer. Mystic electism: Dara Shikoh, Vaishnav Bhakti, Maharastra Dharma. Evolution of the Sikh community (Khalsa).
- First half of 18th Century. Factors behind decline of the Mughal Empire. The regional principalities (Nizam’s Deccan, Bengal, Awadh) Rise of Maratha ascendancy under the Peshwas. The Maratha fiscal and financial system. Emergency of Afghan Power. Panipat, 1761. Internal weakness. Political cultural and economic, on eve of the British conquest.
PCS Mains Syllabus History : Paper – II
- Establishment of British rule In India : Factors behind British success against Indian powers-Mysore, Maratha confederacy and the Punjab as major powers in resistance; Policy of subsidiary Alliance and Doctrine of Lapse.
- Colonial Economy : Tributes System. Drain of wealth and “deindustrialisation’’. Fiscal pressures and revenue settlements (Zamindari, Ryotwari and Mahalwari settlements), Structure of the British Raj up to 1857; (including the Acts of 1773 and 1784 and administrative organisation).
- Resistance to colonial rule: Early uprisings; Causes, nature and inpact of the Revolt of 1857 Reorganisation of the Raj, 1858 and after.
- Socio-cultureal impact of colonial rule : Official social reform measures (1828-1857); Orientalist-Anglicist Controversy; coming of English education and the press. Christian missionary activities; Bengal Renaissance; Social and religious reform movements in Bengal and other areas: Women as focus of social reform.
- Economy 1858-1914 : Railway: Commercialization of Indian agriculture. Growth of landless labourers; and rural indebtedness; Femines; India as market for British Industry; constoms removal, exchange and contrervailing excise; Limited grow the of modern industry.
- Early Indian nationalism : Social background; Formation of national associations Peasent and tribal uprising during the early nationalist era; Fundation of the Indian National Congress. The moderate phase of the congress; Growth of Extremism; The Indian council Act of 1909; Home Rule Movement, the Govermment of India Act of 1919.
- Inter-War economy of India : Industries and problem of Protection; Agricultural distress. The Great Depression; Ottawa agreements and Discriminatory Protection; the growth of trade unions; The Kisan Movement; The economic programme of the Congress Karachi Resolution, 1931.
- Nationalism under Gandhi’s leadership : Gandhi’s career though and methods of mass mobilization, Rowlatt Satyagraha, Khailafat Non Cooperation Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement, 1940 Satyagraha and Quit India movement, State people’s Movement.
- Other stands of the National Movement : (a) Revolutionary movements since 1905; (b) Constitutional politics; Swarajists, Liberals, Responsive Co-operation; (c) Ideas of Jawahalal Nehru, (d) The Left (Socialists and Communists); (e) Subhash Chandra Bose and the Indian National Army. (f) Communal strands: Muslim League and Hindu Mahasabha; (g) Women and National Movement .
- Literary and cultural movement : Tagore. Premc hand, Subramanayam Bharti, Iqbal as examples only; New trends in art ; Film Industry, Writers Organisations and. Theater Association.
- Towards freedom : The Act of 1935; Congress Ministries, 1937-1939, The Pakistan movement Post-1945 upsurge (Rim Mutiny, Telangana uprising etc.); Constitutional negotiations and the Transfer of power, 15 August 1947.
- First phase of Independence (1947- 64) Facing the consequences of partition; Gandhiji’s murder, economic dislocaton; Integration of State; The democratic constitution, 1950; Agrarian reforms. Building and Industrial Welfare state; planning and industrialisation; Foregin Policy of Non-alignment: Relations with neighbours.
- Enlightenment and Modern Ideas – 1. Renaissance Background. 2. Mojor ideas of Enlightenment: Kant, Rousseau. 3. Spread of Enlightenment outside Europe. 4. Rise of Socialist ideas (to marx).
- origins of Modern Politics – 1. European States System. 2. Americal Revolution and the Constitution. 3. Frence revoluton and after math, 1789-1815. 4. British Democratic Politics. 1815-1850, Parliamentry Reformers: Free Trades Charitists.
- Industrialization : 1. English Industrial Revolution: Causes and Impect on Society. 2. Industrialization in other countries : USA, Germany, Russia, Japan. 3. Socialist industrialization: Soviet and Chiness.
- Nation-State System – 1 Rise of Nationalism in 19th Century 2. Nationalsm: State-building in Germany and ltaly. 3. Disintegration of Empires though the emergency of nationalities.
- Imperialism and Colonialism – 1. Colonial System (Exploitation of New world. Tran-atlantic Slave Trade, Tribute from Asian Conquests. 2. Types of Empire: of settlement and non-settlement: Lain America, South Africa, Indonesia, Australia. 3. Imperialism and Free Trade. The New imperialism.
- Revolutions and Counter- Revolution – 1. 19th Century European revolutions. 2. The Russian Revolution of 1917-1921. 3. Fascist Counter-Revolution, ltaly and Germany. 4. The Chinese Revolution of 1949.
- World Wars – 1. 1st and 2nd World Wars as Total Wars: Societal Implications. 2. World war- 1: Cause and Consequences. 3. World War-Il : Political consequence.
- Cold War – 1 Emergence of two Blocs. 2. Intergration of west Europe and Us Stragegy; Communist East Europe. 3. Emergenc of Third World and Non-Alignment. 4. UN and Dispute Resolution.
- Colonial Liberation – 1. Latin America- Bolivar. 2. Arab World – Egypt. 3. Africa- Apartheid of Democracy. 4. South-East Asia-Vietnam.
- Decolonization and underdevelopment – Decolonization: Break up colonical empires: British, Frenceh, Dutch. 2. Foctors Constraining Development: Latin America, Africa.
- Unification of Europe – 1. Post War foundations: NATO and Eurpean Community. 2. Consolidation and expansion of European Community European Union.
- Soviet Disintegration and the Unipolar World – 1. Factors in the collapes of soviet communism and the Soviet Union. 1985-1991. 2. Political Changes in East Europe 1989-1992. 3. End of the Cold War and US Ascendancy in the world. 4. Globalizaton.